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[Fix mysql Error] InnoDB: Error: unable to create temporary file

Fixing mysql error could be troublesome. One of the recent issue i faced with mariadb after reboot of server is :

160122 1:49:55 [Note] InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO
160122 1:49:55 [Note] InnoDB: Using CPU crc32 instructions
160122 1:49:55 [ERROR] mysqld: Can't create/write to file '/run/mysqld/tmp/ibvsXeo0' (Errcode: 2 "No such file or directory")
2016-01-22 01:49:55 7ff3031bd780 InnoDB: Error: unable to create temporary file; errno: 2
160122 1:49:55 [ERROR] Plugin 'InnoDB' init function returned error.
160122 1:49:55 [ERROR] Plugin 'InnoDB' registration as a STORAGE ENGINE failed.
160122 1:49:55 [Note] Plugin 'FEEDBACK' is disabled.
160122 1:49:55 [ERROR] Unknown/unsupported storage engine: InnoDB
160122 1:49:55 [ERROR] Aborting

The reason for this error is, MySQL server is not able to access your /tmp directory or “tmpdir” PATH set in your my.cnf , to write and create temporary files. Make sure /tmp directory exist and is owned by mysql user . Type the following commands to fix this error. You must be login as root user and type:

# grep your my.cnf file for folder path set as tmpdir

grep "tmpdir"  /etc/mysql/my.cnf
#sample output

#make sure above folder path exist. or create if doesn't exist
#set mysql user permission to the folder

chown -R mysql:root tmp/

chmod 755 tmp/

#Restart MYSQL to test

service mysql restart

Now, this should fix your issue and  mysql server should start without a problem.